Programming the 3d Printable Fighting Robot

We recently built the 3d printable fighting robot by Matt Cho. Programming was a lot easier than expected and we would like to share our experience in this article.

Set Up

First, you would need to print off all of the STL files. If you do not have a 3D printer, there are several companies that can print for you. We went with, they printed all of the STL files in black Nylon PA12. All of the parts arrived bagged and tagged by the file names, making assembly more organized. The first steps are to set up the ID parameters on each servo motor using the TTL/USB Debugging Board and Bus Servo Terminal software from HiWonder. To identify each servo, we placed corresponding numbered stickers on each of the 15 servo motors to match the parameter ID’s that were set up. For simplicity, install even numbered servos on the right side of the robot and odd numbered servos on the left. This will make programming less confusing. When we constructed our robot, we installed all of the parts with the robot standing straight up and arms down as our zero position. This resulted in a successful position for the servos degrees of movement.

After the build is done, daisy-chain all of the servos together and connect to the serial bus controller. Next, install the battery and connect the servo controller to a pc using the included USB cable. Open the bus control software to get ready to program.

Programming demonstration

The controller can handle up to 40 servos which are listed on the lower left of the Screen. Each servo has an ID number, a top slider for position control and lower slider for deviation. Creating “a move” consists of moving from position to position. Each position is set by using the sliders.

Here’s a summarized demonstration of how to make a short program. The task is to raise the right arm by the shoulder (Servo ID #2) and return back to the lowered position.

  • 1. As you see all the servo positions are all over the map. This is the robot’s stance that we saved. We will start by adding this action as the start of the program with the arm down. (Click ADD ACTION). The coordinates are now listed below.
  • 2. Next we will raise the right arm by moving the slider on Servo ID #2. Once we have it where we want (straight up) we click ADD ACTION.
  • 3. After we want to return to our start position. To do this simply right click the 1st action and copy it, then select the second action, right click and select paste down.
  • 4. To run this action. Select an action group and download to the robot. Then click RUN ACTION. The arm should raise and lower. (You can download up to 230 action groups into the robot)

You will notice that we included a ‘home stance” position that serves as the start and end of each move. This ensures that there will always be a known, stable origin from which to build your moves. Since this programming interface allows you control position and speed of each move, it is only limited by your creativity and patience.

Additional Accessories

This project is designed around a “fighting robot”, therefor having control with a PS2 controller makes a lot of sense. We recommend ordering the Hiwonder PS2 controller with USB Receiver because individual moves can be assigned to specific buttons on the controller. This is also very user friendly to setup. The Controller is preconfigured, each button runs a preassigned action group. All you need to do is plug in the receiver and download your actions to the group numbers preassigned to each button.


The performance of this robot was great. The structure is well balanced, the servos are fast, precise and consistent. The response time after pressing a button on the controller did not have any delays, making it feel like a video game. The only downside that we found was that the 3D printing material was brittle. This resulted in a piece breaking. All in all, this was a fun robot to build and program. I would highly recommend this project. Check out the part list and sources listed at the end of the article, if you want to do the same.

Parts List that goes with this project:

  • STL files for 3D printing of the robot body parts.
  • Hiwonder LX-16A Servos (15 servos)
  • Hiwonder Serial Bus Controller Board
  • Hiwonder TTL/USB Debugging Board
  • Battery – We used a 7.4v 2 cell 530mAh battery with a JST connector. I would recommend ordering two of them as they don’t last too long and halt programming if you can’t constantly swap.
  • Hiwonder instructions, user manual and Software is all available for free at
  • M3x8 Button head screws with nuts (Quantity=24)
  • M2x5 Screws for servos and servo horns (Quantity=220)
  • M2x8 Screws for servos and servo horns (Quantity=12)

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